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Oscola Reference Generator
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If you are a law student, you might have difficulty writing your research paper. What is more difficult is the citation and making of the reference list.
Best Assignment Writer is presenting you the Oscola Reference Generator to ease your research stress. Moreover, here is a basic oscola referencing guide for you to understand citations in a better way.

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Oscola Referencing Guide:

Oscola is the short form for Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities. It is used in law studies both in UK and abroad.

Oscola referencing unlike other referencing formats like APA does not have in-text citation. Rather it consists of three main parts:

  • A superscript: A superscript number presented at the end of the paraphrase or quote.
  • A Footnote: Complete reference to the source at the end of the page.
  • Bibliography: List of all the sources with their complete details.

These three areas are key focus to understand oscola referencing quickly. The following is a brief oscola quick reference guide for different sources used.

Oscola Referencing for Journals:

Any quotation or paraphrasing used in text are given a number in superscript like 1 This superscript is explained at the end of the page in the footnote section. The bibliography section also have the complete reference slightly different from the footnote section.

Difference between referencing in Footnote and Bibliography:

The only difference between referencing in the footnote and bibliography section is the Author or party name. While footnote uses the complete name, only surname followed by one initial is used in bibliography as shown below:


Footnote
Format Author Name, “Journal Title” [year] page number
Example Peter Craig, “Pure Theory and Values in Public Law” [2011] p 480.
Bibliography
Format Surname first initial, Journal Title” [year] page number
Example Craig P, “Pure Theory and Values in Public Law” [2011] p 480.

Oscola Referencing for Book with less Than Three Author

When citing a book, the references contain name of all the authors, followed by book name, edition and publication as given in the following example:


Footnote
Format Authors or editor’s Names, Book title (edn number, publisher year of edition)
Example Mark Featherland Williams, Michael Homier and Rupert Jonas (eds), Featherland Williams on the Proceeds of Crime (5th rev edn, Oxford University Press 2016).
Bibliography
Format Surname followed by initial, Book title, (edn number, publisher year of edition)
Example Featherland Williams M, Homier M and Jonas R (eds), Featherland Williams on the Proceeds of Crime (5th rev edn, Oxford University Press 2016).

Oscola Referencing for Book with less Than Three Author:

For referencing a book with more than three authors, write the name of first author followed by all others as shown below:


Footnote
Format Name of first author and others, Book Title (edition number, year)
Example Honey Jewell and others, The Legal Constitution (9th ed, 2018).
Bibliography
Format Name of first author and others, Book Title (edition number, year)
Example Jewell H and others, The Legal Constitution (8th ed, 2018).

Oscola Referencing for Encyclopedia

The encyclopedia is cited in the same way as book is, excluding author or editor name and publisher information. Both the footnotes and bibliography are same. The following example is given for explanation:


Footnote
Format Encyclopedia name (edition, year) volume #
Example Asbury’s Laws (5th edn, 2010) vol 59.
Bibliography
Format Encyclopedia name (edition, year) volume #
Example Asbury’s Laws (5th edn, 2010) vol 59.

Oscola Referencing for Cases with Neutral Citations:

Neutral citations are references number that the court assign to cases independently. They refer to the judgment rather than the case report itself. When adding neutral citations, footnotes and bibliography will look something like:


Footnote
Format Party’s Name, Volume Name [year] parliament abbreviation, Paragraph number.
Example Sandra Corry IBC Vehicles [2010] UKHL 14.
Bibliography
Format Surname first initial, Volume Name [year] parliament abbreviation, Paragraph number.
Example Corry S IBC Vehicles [2010] UKHL 14.

Oscola Referencing for Cases with Law Report Citation:

Law reports are a series of books called law reports. The cases that are cited in those law reports are referenced in the paper as:


Footnote
Format Party’s Name, Volume Name [year] abbreviation of law report, Paragraph number.
Example White Kipp IBC Vehicles [2011] 1 AC 896
Bibliography
Format Surname first initial, Volume Name [year] abbreviation of law report, Paragraph number.
Example Kipp W IBC Vehicles [2011] 1 AC 896

Oscola Referencing for Cases with Neutral and Law Report Citations:

In referencing the cases cited in both neutral and law report citations, both of them are quoted as:


Footnote
Format Party Name, Case name [year] abbreviation of parliament [year], abbreviation of law report, paragraph number.
Example Sandra Corry IBC Vehicles [2008] UKHL 13, [2008] 1 AC 884.
Bibliography
Format Surname followed by initial, Case name [year] abbreviation of parliament [year], abbreviation of law report, paragraph number.
Example Corry S IBC Vehicles [2008] 1 AC 884.

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