IEEE Citation and Format - A Complete Guide

How to use IEEE Citation and Format papers Correctly?

The right citation and formatting are crucial in the field of academic and scientific research. In addition to honoring the original writers and sources, it gives the research legitimacy and dependability. It is well-recognized that the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) publishes superior scientific and technical material. Following the IEEE citation and format requirements is crucial while producing academic papers, especially in the fields of engineering, computer science, and allied disciplines. You can present your research with accuracy and professionalism by following the detailed instructions in this guide as it takes you step-by-step through the nuances of IEEE citation and format.

Overview of the IEEE Citation Style

In technical and scientific areas, particularly in engineering, computer science, and allied fields, the IEEE writing style is frequently used. It is a numerical citation method wherein numbers enclosed in square brackets, such as [1], are used to identify sources in the text. Each cited source is fully described in the associated reference list at the end of the document.

What is IEEE Citation Format?

A popular numeric citation system used mostly in engineering, computer science, and related technical subjects is called IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers). To ensure uniformity and clarity in referencing, this style offers a planned and standardized way to credit sources in academic and scientific writing. For researchers and academics to present their work accurately and professionally, it is crucial to understand the fundamentals of the IEEE citation style.

  • System of Numeric Citations

    The numeric citation method used by the IEEE is its distinguishing characteristic. This method involves placing a distinct number in square brackets after each referenced source in the text.

    For instance: Single Reference: "Recent studies have demonstrated significant progress in renewable energy sources [1]."Multiple Citations: "Numerous scientists have looked into the potential of solar energy [2, 4-6]."

  • Within Text Citations

    The IEEE writing style for in-text citations is succinct and uncomplicated, utilizing simply the numerical reference numbers in square brackets. To credit the information or concept to the appropriate source, citations are often added at the end of sentences or phrases that appear directly within the text. In contrast to several other citation formats, the IEEE style does not contain the author's name or the year of publication in the in-text citation. This numerical approach simplifies the citation of sources and makes it simpler for readers to find the entire reference in the reference list.

  • List of references

    The IEEE editorial style relies heavily on the reference list. It is an exhaustive list of all the references used in the book, arranged in numerical order by the numbers assigned to each reference. The reference list, which can be found at the end of the essay, gives readers comprehensive details about each cited source. Each entry in the reference list normally has the following components:

    • Names of the author(s): Last name, then initials (for instance, J. Smith).
    • Article, book, or other source's title: For articles and chapters, use quotation marks; for books and journals, use italics.
    • The publication's title is the Title of a journal or book.
    • In the case of journal articles, volume, and issue Include the edition (if appropriate) for books.
    • Page ranges for articles and chapters, as well as total pages for books, are indicated by page numbers.
    • Year of publication: Parentheses around the word.

    Moreover bibliography in IEEE citation is commonly known as reference list. For instance:

  • [1] J. Smith, "Advancements in Renewable Energy Sources," Journal of Energy Engineering, volume 30, no. 2, pages 200–215, 2022.

In-Text Citations in IEEE Style

An academic or scientific paper's text can reference sources quickly and numerically with in-text citations in IEEE style. In-text citations are primarily used to point readers to the relevant entries in the reference list, where they can find detailed information about the sources that were used. By cite in IEEE convention, each source is given a specific number that should be enclosed in square brackets.

How to Include References in Text

The following actions must be taken to cite sources in text using the IEEE style:

  • Locate the Source: When citing a specific notion, fact, or piece of data from an outside source, locate the relevant source information.
  • Put the citation here: Put the citation after the clause or sentence that contains the relevant information. A numeric identification that matches the entry in the reference list is included in the citation, which is encased in square brackets.
  • Use Sequential Numbers: According to the sequence in which the sources are cited in the text, the numerical identifiers in the in-text citations are consecutively assigned. The number [1], [2], and so forth are used to identify the mentioned sources in order. Also you can use the reference generator to add the referencing in your assignments.

What are the Rules for Formatting In-Text Citations?

The following are the formatting guidelines for in-text citations in IEEE style:

  • Put square brackets around the citation number, for example, [1].
  • Multiple citation numbers should be separated with commas, such as [2, 4-6].
  • Only provide the citation number in square brackets when the author's name appears in the text, for example, "Johnson [3] reported that..."

IEEE Citation Style Example

Single Author: "Johnson [2] proposed a novel approach to..." or "In their recent study, Smith and colleagues [1] demonstrated..."

  • Two Authors:

    "Previous research findings support this claim [3, 5]."

  • Three or more authors:

    Several researches [4, 7-9] have looked into this phenomenon.

  • A Sentence with Multiple Citations:

    "Several researchers have looked into the potential of solar energy [2, 4-6]."

  • Using the Same Source Once More:

    "The results were consistent with previous findings [1]."

  • Citing a Specific Page:

    "Johnson [3, p. 56] introduced the concept."

How to Use IEEE Style to Cite Web Sources?

Employing a numerical citation system, online materials, such as websites, online articles, reports, or other digital resources, are referenced when employing web sources in IEEE style. Citing web content is necessary to avoid plagiarism, acknowledge the original writers or creators allow readers access to the source information, and maintain academic integrity.

What is The Format of Web Source Citation?

The following components are frequently used when referencing web sources in IEEE style:

  • Author(s) or Organization: The name of the group or individual authors who contributed to the web source's content. Use the name of the organization if the author's name is not readily available.
  • Title of the Webpage or Article: The title, in quotation marks, of the particular webpage or article being cited.
  • Website name: Italicized name of the website or other online platform where the content is housed.
  • URL: This is the Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or direct connection to the web source, allowing readers to access the content without any intermediaries.
  • Access Date: The time the author first viewed the web source. This is crucial for web information that might be updated or changed over time.

Using Online Sources Properly

Use these methods to cite online sources in IEEE style:

  • Collect Information: Compile all pertinent details about the web source, such as the name of the author (if available), the title of the page or article, the name of the website, the URL, and the date of access.
  • Arrange the Elements: List the elements in the following order: website name, URL, access date, author(s) or organization, and title of the webpage or article.
  • Quote the Title: Italicise the website name and enclose the title of the webpage or article in quotation marks.
  • Put the citation number in square brackets where it belongs in the text by using square brackets.

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Examples of Citations from Web Sources

Online content by the author:

[1] J. Smith, "Introduction to Artificial Intelligence," AI Today, available at: The 15th of July 2023.

Online article was written by an organization:

[2] World Health Organisation, "Global Health Report 2022," WHO, available online at Date of access: 25 June 2023.

What is The Importance of Proper Citation and Formatting

The right citation and format an assignment are crucial in the field of academic and scientific research. In addition to citing the original writers and sources, it increases the text's reputation and dependability.

Understanding by IEEE

The IEEE citation style uses a numerical citation system in which each source is given a specific number in the text according to where it appears. These numerical citations are then listed in the document's reference section. In engineering, computer science, and other technical fields, this format is frequently used.

Giving Original Authors Credit

To give credit to the original writers, it is essential to cite the sources from which information, data, or ideas were taken. Accurately acknowledging the contribution of others indicates research ethics and academic honesty. Lack of proper citations can result in plagiarism, which can have serious repercussions in academic settings and elsewhere.

Increasing trustworthiness and reliability

The dependability and credibility of the study are increased by accurate and consistent citation practices. The paper's statements can be verified, the sources' provenances can be tracked down, and readers can assess the accuracy of the data. Citing reliable sources gives the study authority and increases its credibility and persuasiveness.

Explicit Evidence of Research

Citations that are thorough and well-supported show that the author did a lot of study and took into account a lot of pertinent literature. This improves the study and demonstrates the author's expertise in the subject.

Replication and verification capabilities

Other scholars can reproduce and validate the study's findings with the help of thorough citations. This is essential for expanding on already-known information and guaranteeing the reproducibility of study findings.

Respecting intellectual property and copyright

Respecting copyright and intellectual property rights is shown by properly citing sources. When using copyrighted content, authors should always get permission beforehand and give correct credit in their writing.


Writing for academic and scientific purposes requires citing sources and adhering to the appropriate structure. References to research resources can be made systematically and consistently by following the IEEE citation and format criteria. You may assure the validity of your work and recognize the contributions of other researchers by comprehending and following these rules. Learning the IEEE citation style will improve the clarity and professionalism of your academic papers and research articles, whether you are a student, researcher, or professional. Keep in mind to refer to the most recent edition of the IEEE style guide for any revisions or additional information. Happy citation and writing!


  1. What is IEEE format citation?

    Square brackets are used to cite sources in the text using the IEEE format, which also includes a numbered reference list after the document.

  1. Is IEEE citation APA?

    No, the IEEE style is distinct from the APA style. APA utilizes an author-date citation style, whereas IEEE uses a numeric citation format.

  1. How do you write IEEE format?

    Use numerical in-text citations surrounded in square brackets when writing in IEEE format, and make a reference list at the end with numbered entries containing comprehensive source information.

  1. What are the rules for citation?

    In general, authors must credit sources utilized, offer correct information, and adhere to formatting requirements. Citation restrictions vary based on the citation style.

  1. Why do we use IEEE citations?

    IEEE citations are used to acknowledge the original authors, support assertions, uphold academic integrity, and make it simple for readers to find and validate cited sources.